Exercises about Simple Past

Simple past of the regular verbs.

 

The Simple Past – (O passado simples)

O Simple Past (Passado simples) usa-se para descrever ações que aconteceram em um tempo definido do passado: sabemos quando aconteceram e, geralmente, vem acompanhado de uma expressão de tempo (yesterday, last week, two weeks ago, last month, last year, five years ago…).
O Simple Past dos verbos regulares forma-se acrescentando -ed, -d ou -ied, ao infinitivo dos verbos (sem to), dependendo de cada terminação.

Os verbos terminados em (e), no infinitivo, acrescentam apenas (d).

Exemplo: I dance (eu danço)-Presente(present tense)

I danced (eu dancei/dançava)-Passado(past tense)

  • Os verbos terminados em (y) precedido de consoante formam o passado mudando o (y) por (ied).

Exemplo: I study (eu estudo)-Presente(present tense)

I studied (eu estudei/estudava)-Passado(past tense)

  • Os verbos terminados em (y) precedido de vogal formam o passado acrescentando (ed) ao verbo.

Exemplo: I play (eu jogo/brinco/toco)-Presente(present tense)

I played (eu joguei/jogava – toquei/tocava – brinquei/brincava )-Passado
(simple past)

  • Regra geral: acrescenta-se (ed) para formar os verbos regulares no passado.

Exemplo: I visit (eu visito)-Presente-(present tense)

I visited (eu visitei/visitava)-Passado(simple past)

  • Observação: A conjugação dos verbos é diferente do português. Enquanto cada pronome do português há uma conjugação diferente, no inglês há somente uma conjugação para todos os pronomes, e a tradução depende do sujeito. Em inglês com excessão as frases imperativas, todas as frases afirmativa, interrogativa ou negativa há um sujeito, não tem sujeito oculto.

A forma negativa dos verbos regulares é formada com o sujeito, mais (did not ou didn´t) e o infinitivo do verbo (sem to).
Negative = Subject + Auxiliar (negative) + Infinitive sem to

You did not (didn´t) work yesterday morning. (Você não trabalhou ontem de manhã)

A forma interrogativa dos verbos regulares é formada com (Did), mais o sujeito, mais o infinitivo (sem to)

Interrogative = Auxiliar + Subject + Infinitive (sem to)

Did you work yesterday morning? (Você trabalhou ontem de manhã?)

 

 

Quando a pergunta começar com uma Question-word a estrutura é a seguinte:

Interrogative = Question-word + Auxiliar + Subject + Infinitive (sem to)

Why did you study English last year?

 

 

 

Lista dos verbos regulares (pode ser que apareçam mais alguns verbos que não estão nesta lista).

Lembrando que o Simple Past (passado simples) dos verbos regulares têm a mesma terminação. Terminam em (ed)

Infinitive………………..Simple Past…………. Translation
1 to agree………………. agreed………………..concordar
2 to allow………………. allowed……………….permitir
3 to appear……………. apperared ………….aparecer
4 to arrive…………….. arrived………………..chegar
5 to ask…………………. asked…………………..perguntar
6 to brush……………… brushed………………escovar
7 to call………………….. called………………….chamar
8 to carry………………. carried……………….carregar
9 to clean………………. cleaned……………….limpar
10 to close…………….. closed………………….fechar
11 to cook…………….. cooked………………….cozinhar
12 to die………………. died………………………morrer
13 to drown………….. drowned………………afogar-se
14 to enter…………… entered…………………entrar
15 to expect…………. expected………………esperar
16 to finish……………. finished……………….terminar
17 to hate…………….. hated…………………..odiar
18 to hope……………. hoped…………………..esperar
19 to kiss…………….. kissed…………………..beijar
20 to learn…………… learned…………………aprender
21 to like……………… liked…………………….gostar
22 to listen…………… listened……………….escutar/ouvir
23 to look…………….. looked………………….olhar
24 to miss……………. missed…………………perder/sentir falta
25 to open……………. opened……………….abrir
26 to order…………… ordered………………ordenar/pedir
27 to pass…………….. passed………………..passar
28 to phone………….. phoned……………….telefonar
29 to plan…………….. planned………………planejar
30 to play……………… played……………….jogar/tocar/brincar
31 to prefer………….. preferred…………..preferir
32 to prepare……….. prepared……………preparar
33 to rain……………… rained………………..chover
34 to shave…………… shaved……………….barbear-se
35 to slice……………… sliced…………………cortar em fatias
36 to smoke………….. smoked……………..fumar
37 to stay……………… stayed……………….ficar/permanecer
38 to stop……………… stopped……………..parar
39 to study…………… studied………………estudar
40 to switch on……… switched on……….ligar
41 to switch off…….. switched off……….desligar
42 to talk……………… talked………………..conversar
43 to tie……………….. tied……………………amarrar
44 to travel………….. traveled…………….viajar
45 to try………………. tried………………….tentar
46 to turn on………… turned………………ligar
47 to turn off ……….turned off…………..desligar
48 to type……………. typed………………..datilografar
49 to wait……………. waited……………….esperar
50 to walk……………. walked………………andar/caminhar
51 to want…………… wanted………………querer
52 to wash…………… washed………………lavar
53 to watch………….. watched…………….assistir/observar
54 to work…………… worked………………trabalhar

Exercises

1) Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past Tense of the verbs in parentheses (from 1 to 10)

1) The teacher ___________ late yesterday. (to arrive)

2) She _________ a very good meal last week. (to cook)

3) I _________ my homework the day before yesterday (to finish)

4) I _________ my kitchen yesterday. (to clean)

5) They _________ each other. (to kiss)

6) My cat ________ last week. (to die)

7) Paul _________ at home yesterday. (to stay)

8) My parents _________ until eleven o’clock a.m. yesterday. (to work)

9) It __________ a lot in Canada three years ago. (to rain)

 

 

2) Answer using short Answers (11 to 14)

11)Did Mary close the window?
Yes, _________________
No, _________________

12) Did your parents travel to Rome?
Yes, _________________
No, _________________

13) Did you go to school yesterday morning?
Yes, _________________
No, __________________

14) Did you call her last night?
Yes, __________________
No, ___________________

3) Change the sentences below into negative and interrogative forms (from 15 to 19)

15) They closed the window last night.
N._________________________________________

I.__________________________________________

16) John phoned me two days ago.

N.__________________________________________

I.___________________________________________

17) Susan arrived late yesterday night.

N. __________________________________________

I.___________________________________________

18) My Parents called her last night.

N.__________________________________________

I.__________________________________________

19) They loved the film.

N.__________________________________________
I.___________________________________________

4)Write in the past tense (os verbos não estão na 3ª pessoa do singular). (from 20 to 29)

20)They believe in God.

________________________________________

21)The women like to stay at home.

________________________________________

22)We love our parents.

________________________________________

23)I want to see the film.

________________________________________

24)I work hard in the country.

________________________________________

25)They stay at home all the times.

________________________________________

26)The dogs bark all night long.

________________________________________

27)I study in the morning.

________________________________________

28)I try to understand you.

________________________________________

29)The men carry the bags.

________________________________________

5)Write in the past tense. (observe que o sujeito está na 3ª pessoa do singular). (from 30 to 37)

30) He plays soccer.

__________________________

31) The baby cries all night long.

__________________________

32) She studies her lessons.

__________________________

33)Helena finishes her works.

__________________________

34)The teacher watches TV.

__________________________

35)He talks on the telephone.

__________________________

36)She moves to Rio.

__________________________

37)The student works a lot.

___________________________ ]]

Complete using the Simple Past tense of the verbs:

1. Where did you……….. to her last week? Please, tell me!
a.Talked
b.Talk
c.Talking

2.I think you……….the movie because you weren’t really interested in watching it.
a.Missed
b.Miss
c.Missing

3.When you………..me I was going to take a shower. What a coincidence!
a.Call
b.Called
c.Calling

4.She really………….the drawing you did. You’ve got talent!
a.Like
b.Liking
c.Liked

5.You didn’t…………….soccer last night, did you?
a.Play
b.Played
c.Playing

Irregular Verbs

VERBOS IRREGULARES

Infinitive

Past

Participle

Tradução

be

was, were

been

ser, estar

beat

beat

beaten

bater, derrotar, pulsar

become

became

become

tornar-se

begin

began

begun

começar

bite

bit

bitten

morder, picar

blow

blew

blown

soprar, tocar (instrumento de sopro)

break

broke

broken

quebrar, interromper

bring

brought

brought

trazer

build

built

built

construir

buy

bought

bought

comprar

catch

caught

caught

agarrar, pegar (doença)

choose

chose

chosen

escolher

come

came

come

vir, chegar, aproximar-se, acontecer

cost

cost

cost

custar

cut

cut

cut

cortar

deal

dealt

dealt

negociar, distribuir

dig

dug

dug

cavar

do

did

done

fazer, executar

draw

drew

drawn

desenhar, puxar, arrastar

dream

dreamt/ dreamed

dreamt/ dreamed

sonhar

drink

drank

drunk

beber, embriagar-se

drive

drove

driven

dirigir

eat

ate

eaten

comer

fall

fell

fallen

cair

feed

fed

fed

alimentar (se), suprir

feel

felt

felt

sentir

fight

fought

fought

lutar

find

found

found

encontrar

fly

flew

flown

voar

forget

forgot

forgotten

esquecer (se)

freeze

froze

frozen

gelar, congelar

get

got

got/ gotten

conseguir, ganhar

give

gave

given

dar, conceder

go

went

gone

ir

grow

grew

grown

crescer, cultivar

hang

hung

hung

pendurar

have

had

had

ter, possuir

hear

heard

heard

ouvir

hide

hid

hidden

esconder, ocultar (se)

hit

hit

hit

bater

hold

held

held

segurar, manter, conter

hurt

hurt

hurt

machucar

keep

kept

kept

guardar, manter, permanecer, ficar

know

knew

known

saber , conhecer

lay

laid

laid

pôr, colocar, botar (ovos)

learn

learnt

learnt

aprender

leave

left

left

deixar, partir

lend

lent

lent

emprestar

let

let

let

deixar, alugar

lie

lay

lain

jazer, deitar ou mentir, enganar

light

lit / lighted

lit/ lighted

iluminar, acender

lose

lost

lost

perder

make

made

made

fazer, produzir, fabricar

mean

meant

meant

significar, ter intenção

meet

met

met

encontrar-se com

pay

paid

paid

pagar

put

put

put

pôr

read

read

read

ler

rid

rid

rid

cavalgar, livrar, desembaraçar

ride

rode

ridden

viajar, cavalgar

ring

rang

rung

soa , tocar a campainha

rise

rose

risen

nascer, surgir, erguer-se

run

ran

run

correr, administrar

say

said

said

dizer

see

saw

seen

ver

sell

sold

sold

vender

send

sent

sent

enviar

set

set

set

colocar, fixar, arrumar

shake

shook

shaken

sacudir

shine

shone

shone

brilhar

shoot

shot

shot

atirar, disparar

show

showed

shown/ showed

mostrar

shut

shut

shut

fechar

sing

sang

sung

cantar

sink

sank

sunk

afundar, naufragar

sit

sat

sat

sentar

sleep

slept

slept

dormir

slide

slid

slid

escorregar

slit

slit

slit

fender, rachar

smell

smelt

smelt

cheirar

speak

spoke

spoken

falar

spend

spent

spent

gastar

spread

spread

spread

difundir, divulgar, espalhar

stand

stood

stood

ficar de pé, aguentar

steal

stole

stolen

roubar

strike

struck

struck

fazer greve , bater

swear

swore

sworn

jurar, blasfemar

sweep

swept

swept

varrer

swim

swam

swum

nadar

swing

swung

swung

balançar

take

took

taken

tomar, pegar

teach

taught

taught

ensinar

tell

told

told

contar, dizer

think

thought

thought

pensar, achar

throw

threw

thrown

arremessar

understand

understood

understood

entender, compreender

wake

woke/ waked

woke/waked

acordar

wear

wore

worn

vestir, usar

wed

wed

wed

desposar

wet

wet

wet

umedecer

win

won

won

ganhar, vencer

wring

wrung

wrung

espremer

write

wrote

written

escrever

 

William Shakespeare

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